Narmada Jayanti: Celebrating the Sacred Waters

Narmada Jayanti

Narmada Jayanti, a revered Hindu festival, holds profound significance as it commemorates the birth of the sacred Narmada River. This celebration, rich in religious and cultural traditions, is observed on the seventh day of the bright half of the Magha month, according to the Hindu calendar. In 2024, Narmada Jayanti is slated to be celebrated on February 15th, marking a day of spiritual fervor and devotion.

Narmada Jayanti

Legend and Birth of Narmada River

The mythology surrounding the origin of the Narmada River is deeply rooted in Hinduism. According to one legend, the river came into existence through the divine intervention of Lord Shiva. It is said that Lord Shiva created Narmada to purify the Devas (celestial beings) who had committed sins while battling demons. The river’s name itself carries a profound meaning, as “Narm” signifies happiness, and “da” means giver, symbolizing the river as a bestower of joy.

Another tale recounts that Mother Narmada manifested from the sweat of Lord Shiva during his intense meditation. Overwhelmed by her celestial beauty, even Shiva and Parvati were amazed. Shiva named her Narmada, expressing his delight in her creation.

An alternate birth legend narrates that on Mount Maikhal, Lord Shiva created a divine girl named Narmada, and due to her majestic form, she was named so by deities like Vishnu. This celestial maiden, after a penance lasting 10,000 divine years on the banks of the Uttara Vahini Ganga in the Panchkroshi region of Kashi, received unique boons from Lord Shiva, making her an exceptional and revered river.

Narmada’s Journey on Earth

The Skanda Purana vividly describes the manifestation of Mother Narmada on Earth. King Hiranyateja’s intense penance of fourteen thousand divine years pleased Lord Shiva, who granted his request for the presence of Narmada on the Earth’s surface. Following Shiva’s command, Narmada descended gracefully onto the Udayachal mountain, flowing westward and creating three majestic mountains – Metha, Himavan, and Kailash, each spanning 32 thousand yojanas in length and extending 500 yojanas from south to north.

According to the Revakhanda of the Skanda Purana, all avatars of Lord Vishnu came to worship Mother Narmada on her banks. The puranas declare Narmada as the only river in the world circumambulated by celestial beings like siddhas, nagas, yakshas, gandharvas, kinnaras, and humans. The glory of Mother Narmada is considered beyond words, and her importance in Hinduism is deeply ingrained.

Narmada Jayanti Rituals and Celebrations

Narmada Jayanti Celebration

On the auspicious occasion of Narmada Jayanti, devotees engage in various rituals to express their reverence for the sacred river. Offering prayers to Narmada River is believed to bring peace and prosperity into one’s life. The day is marked by the performance of Maha Aarti, a grand ceremonial worship where people light lamps and offer them to the river, seeking blessings for their happiness and wellness.

Narmada Jayanti 2024: Date and Timings

Narmada Jayanti in 2024 is observed on the seventh day of the bright fortnight in the Magha month, according to the Hindu lunar calendar. The Saptami Tithi (seventh day) begins at 10:12 AM on February 15, 2024, and concludes at 08:54 AM on February 16, 2024. This annual celebration involves devotees worshiping the Narmada River, seeking peace and prosperity in their lives. Amarkantak in Madhya Pradesh, the origin of the Narmada River, is a significant location for observing Narmada Jayanti.

  • Saptami Tithi (Seventh day) Commences – 10:12 AM on February 15, 2024
  • Saptami Tithi (Seventh day) Ends – 08:54 AM on February 16, 2024

Significance of Narmada Jayanti

The Narmada River holds a prominent place among the five major rivers in India and is venerated for its religious significance. Bathing and worshiping in the Narmada River on Narmada Jayanti is believed to bring peace and prosperity to the lives of devotees. According to the Vishnu Purana, Nag Rajas collectively blessed the Narmada River, ensuring that anyone who bathes in its holy waters and remembers it will be relieved of all sins and ailments.

Mother Narmada is regarded as a bestower of liberation, akin to Mother Ganga. The day is not just a celebration; it is a spiritual journey where devotees connect with the divine through rituals, prayers, and a deep sense of devotion.

Preserving the Sanctity

Despite the spiritual significance of the Narmada River, pollution threatens its purity. The celebration of Narmada Jayanti serves as a poignant reminder for devotees and environmentalists alike to be aware and come forward to protect the river from the pollution that threatens its sanctity. It calls for a collective effort to ensure that future generations can continue to partake in the spiritual richness that the Narmada River symbolizes.


Narmada Jayanti is not merely a festival; it is a celebration of the divine manifestation of Mother Narmada on Earth. The rich tapestry of legends, rituals, and celebrations woven around this auspicious day reflects the deep cultural and spiritual roots that the Narmada River has in Hinduism. As devotees come together to commemorate the birth of this sacred river, they also embrace the responsibility of preserving its purity and sanctity for generations to come. Narmada Jayanti stands as a testament to the enduring reverence and devotion that the Narmada River commands in the hearts of millions.

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